4.1 Vocabulary Building for Reading Text 1

Recognizing words associated with job interviews. Use the information here to answer questions in Set 1 of the exercises given.

Know the vocabulary. Here are some words that you might come across in your quest for a job.

Text 2: Applying for a job.

Learn the vocabulary to talk about getting or changing jobs in English:

If there is ‘a vacancy’, there is a job available because a new post has been created or a person has left.

Larry’s move to London has created a vacancy in Marketing if you are interested.
We don’t have any vacancies at the moment but we will keep your CV on file.
When a post becomes vacant, the company ‘advertises the post’ in the press.
Although the post was advertised last month, we promoted someone internally.
We advertised the post in the national press last week and have received lots of applications.

If you ‘apply for a job’, you send in a CV or letter because you want the job.

Ten people have applied for the job just from advertising it internally.
I’ve applied for that job in Glasgow even though I don’t really have enough experience.
When you want a new job, you send ‘letters of application’ to the company concerned.
I’ve written letters of application for four different jobs but had no reply yet.
We have received letters of application from a wide range of candidates..

The candidates who apply for the job are also known as the ‘applicants’.

The number of applicants is very high. There are a lot of people with the right qualifications and experience.
We do a pre-selection of the applicants based on their previous experience.

A company can use a ‘recruitment agency’ to fill their vacancies

We use a recruitment agency to advertise the post and do a pre-selection.
There are several recruitment agencies that specialize in our sector so we can find highly qualified candidates quickly.

A ‘job description’ details all the duties, responsibilities and personal qualities necessary for a specific job.

We have written new job descriptions for all the jobs in our department.
I don’t think making the coffee is in my job description!

Your ‘qualifications’ are your academic or professional diplomas.

For a post at this level, we consider experience to be more important than academic qualifications.
For this post, we give full training. The only qualification necessary is a high school diploma.

‘Experience’ is the knowledge acquired through time already spent in work, in different jobs.

I have a lot of experience managing a small team and would now like to manage a bigger one.
The best candidates are those who have previous experience in the food industry.

‘Salary and benefits’ are what you are paid and the extras you receive in return for the work you do.

Although the starting salary is not very high, the benefits include health insurance.
We pay very competitive salaries and provide some of the best benefits in the sector.

Hire and fire

If you ‘hire’ someone, you employ them.
I hear that they are not hiring people at the moment because of budget problems.
If you ‘fire’ somebody, you dismiss them from their job, usually because of something they did.
I had to fire Sally because she kept on making mistakes.
If you don’t improve, they may decide to fire you.

If you ‘make somebody redundant’, you dismiss them from their job for economic reasons.

They are closing down the factory and making 500 people redundant.
I was made redundant from my last job.

If you ‘recruit’ people, you persuade them to work for you.

We need to recruit more young engineers.
It’s difficult to recruit people because our pay is so low.

If you ‘hand in (or give in) your notice’, you tell your employer that you are going to leave the company.

She handed in her notice this morning and is leaving at the end of the month.
He gave in his notice and they told him he could leave straight away.

If a company ‘gives someone notice’, they tell them that they are going to lose their jobs.

The company only gave me three days’ notice that I was being made redundant.
We have to give her two months’ notice that we are letting her go.

If an employer ‘sacks’ someone, they fire them.

They sacked me without notice after ten years with the company.
I hear they intend to sack him because of his bullying.

If you ‘get the sack’ or are ‘given the sack’, you are fired.

He was given the sack because he kept arriving late.
If I keep making mistakes, I’m going to get the sack.

If you take legal action against your employer for ‘unfair dismissal’, you claim that they dismissed you for no good reason.

He is suing them for unfair dismissal as he says he was only ever late once.
If you take legal action against your employer for ‘constructive dismissal’, you claim that you were forced to leave your job because of the actions/behaviour of your employer.
Source: http://www.hrenglish.co
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